COLLECT


Basic form

COLLECT [wa INTO] itab.

Addition



... SORTED BY f

Effect

COLLECT is used to create unique or compressed datsets. The key fields are the default key fields of the internal table itab .

If you use only COLLECT to fill an internal table, COLLECT makes sure that the internal table does not contain two entries with the same default key fields.

If, besides its default key fields, the internal table contains number fields (see also ABAP/4 number types ), the contents of these number fields are added together if the internal table already contains an entry with the same key fields.

If the default key of an internal table processed with COLLECT is blank, all the values are added up in the first table line.

If you specify wa INTO , the entry to be processed is taken from the explicitly specified work area wa . If not, it comes from the header line of the internal table itab .

After COLLECT , the system field SY-TABIX contains the index of the - existing or new - table entry with default key fields which match those of the entry to be processed.

Notes

COLLECT can create unique or compressed datasets and should be used precisely for this purpose. If uniqueness or compression are unimportant, or two values with identical default key field values could not possibly occur in your particular task, you should use APPEND instead. However, for a unique or compressed dataset which is also efficient, COLLECT is the statement to use.
If you process a table with COLLECT , you should also use COLLECT to fill it. Only by doing this can you guarantee that

If you use COLLECT with an explicitly specified work area, it must be compatible with the line type of the internal table.

Example

Compressed sales figures for each company
DATA: BEGIN OF COMPANIES OCCURS 10, NAME(20), SALES TYPE I, END OF COMPANIES. COMPANIES-NAME = 'Duck'. COMPANIES-SALES = 10. COLLECT COMPANIES. COMPANIES-NAME = 'Tiger'. COMPANIES-SALES = 20. COLLECT COMPANIES. COMPANIES-NAME = 'Duck'. COMPANIES-SALES = 30. COLLECT COMPANIES.

The table COMPANIES now has the following appearance:

NAMESALES
Duck40
Tiger20

Addition

... SORTED BY f

Effect

COLLECT ... SORTED BY f is obsolete and should no longer be used. Use APPEND ... SORTED BY f which has the same meaning.

Note

Performance

The cost of a COLLECT in terms of performance increases with the width of the default key needed in the search for table entries and the number of numeric fields with values which have to be added up, if an entry is found in the internal table to match the default key fields.
If no such entry is found, the cost is reduced to that required to append a new entry to the end of the table.

A COLLECT statement used on a table which is 100 bytes wide and has a key which is 60 bytes wide and seven numeric fields is about approx. 50 msn (standardized microseconds).

Note

Runtime errors


Related APPEND , WRITE ... TO , MODIFY , INSERT

Index
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